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This nowCOAST™ time-enabled map service provides maps depicting the geographic coverage of the latest NOAA/National Weather Service (NWS) Warnings for short-duration hazards for inland, coastal, and maritime areas which are in progress, imminent, or have a very high probability of occurring. These hazards include severe thunderstorms (damaging winds, large hail), tornadoes, waterspouts, flash floods, snow squalls, dust storms, and extreme winds associated with major land-falling hurricanes. Specifically, the layer includes the following warnings: Special Marine Warnings (winds of 34 knots, 3/4 inch diameter hail, waterspouts), Severe Thunderstorm Warnings (winds of 58 MPH or greater, or large hail of 1 inch or greater in diameter), Tornado Warnings, Flash Flood Warnings, Snow Squall Warnings, Dust Storm Warnings, Dust Advisories, and Extreme Wind Warnings (sustained surface winds of 115 MPH or greater during major [Category 3 or higher] land-falling hurricane within one hour). The colors used to identify the different warnings are the same colors used by the NWS on their map at http://www.weather.gov. The map is updated in the nowCOAST™ map service once every minute. For more detailed information about layer update frequency and timing, please reference the nowCOAST™ Dataset Update Schedule.
The NWS threat-based polygon or storm-based warnings are issued by NWS Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs) to depict the type of short-duration weather or hydrological hazard which is in progress, imminent or has a very high probability of occurring for a specified geographic area. For Severe Thunderstorm, Tornado, Flash Flood, Snow Squall, Dust Storm/Blowing Dust, and Extreme Wind Warnings, the warnings are not restricted to geopolitical boundaries. However, Special Marine Warnings are issued for marine areas such as bays, harbors, sounds and coastal waters along the U.S. coastline out to the NWS Offshore marine forecast zone. For Guam and Pago Pago, American Samoa, the coastal waters extend out to the the NWS High Seas marine forecast zone boundary.
This map service is time-enabled, meaning that each individual layer contains time-varying data and can be utilized by clients capable of making map requests that include a time component.
In addition to ArcGIS Server REST access, time-enabled OGC WMS 1.3.0 access is also provided by this service.
This particular service can be queried with or without the use of a time component. If the time parameter is specified in a request, the data or imagery most relevant to the provided time value, if any, will be returned. If the time parameter is not specified in a request, the latest data or imagery valid for the present system time will be returned to the client. If the time parameter is not specified and no data or imagery is available for the present time, no data will be returned.
This service is configured with time coverage support, meaning that the service will always return the most relevant available data, if any, to the specified time value. For example, if the service contains data valid today at 12:00 and 12:10 UTC, but a map request specifies a time value of today at 12:07 UTC, the data valid at 12:10 UTC will be returned to the user. This behavior allows more flexibility for users, especially when displaying multiple time-enabled layers together despite slight differences in temporal resolution or update frequency.
When interacting with this time-enabled service, only a single instantaneous time value should be specified in each request. If instead a time range is specified in a request (i.e. separate start time and end time values are given), the data returned may be different than what was intended.
Care must be taken to ensure the time value specified in each request falls within the current time coverage of the service. Because this service is frequently updated as new data becomes available, the user must periodically determine the service's time extent. However, due to software limitations, the time extent of the service and map layers as advertised by ArcGIS Server does not always provide the most up-to-date start and end times of available data. Instead, users have three options for determining the latest time extent of the service:
NWS Instructions and other directives are available at http://www.nws.noaa.gov/directives/.